Secondary Sintering Process of Potassium-containing Metal Tungsten Bars

Potassium-containing tungsten bars are raw materials for making light source materials, high-temperature heaters and high-temperature resistant components. The traditional production method is to add silicon, aluminium, potassium and other elements into tungsten oxide powder first, then reduce the tungsten oxide powder doped with these elements and wash it with hydrochloric acid and hydrofluoric acid to obtain doped tungsten powder, then doped tungsten powder. After being pressed, the strips are sintered and sintered to obtain potassium containing tungsten bars.

potassium containing tungsten bars image

In order to effectively improve the density of tungsten bars containing potassium, the distribution of potassium in tungsten bars, the uniformity of cross-section crystallization of tungsten bars, the quality of products and the subsequent processing and the performance of products, etc. During the sintering process of tungsten bars, some researchers changed the primary sintering to secondary sintering, and adjusted the corresponding parameters to obtain high strength compacts, which greatly improved the yield of compacts. Its production methods include:

A.Preparing doped blue tungsten powder: Put the original blue tungsten powder (WO2.9) and its mixture solution containing SiO2:0.2-0.6wt% and KO 2:0.2-0.6wt% H2SiO3 and KOH and A L (NO3)3 solution containing Al2O3:0.02-0.1wt% A L (NO3)3 into mixer, mix at 50-90 ℃ for 3-5 hours, then mix at 100-200 ℃ After 3~6 hours of drying, blue tungsten powder was added.

B. Reduction treatment: The doped blue tungsten powder was put in the boat at 500-950 ℃ and hydrogen atmosphere for 8-12 hours. After cooling, the doped tungsten powder was obtained through 100-200 mesh sieve.

C. Pickling: First, the doped tungsten powder is pickled by dilute hydrochloric acid with a concentration of 3-6wt% for 30-60 minutes, then the supernatant is removed, and hydrofluoric acid with a concentration of 3-6wt% is added to wash the powder until the content of Si is less than 250 ppm and the content of Al is less than 30 ppm. Then, the powder is vacuum dried at 70-150 ℃ for no less than 10 hours and after drying 160-6 ppm. 200 mesh sieve dispersing and impurity removing.

D Compact: pressing the powder from ℃ into 150 to 250MPa pressure to form the doped tungsten bar.

E.Pre-sintering: The compacted billet is placed in a boat dish and sintered for 30-60 minutes in hydrogen atmosphere and at 1100-1400 ℃.

F.Vertical melting sintering: The pre-sintered slab is placed in the vertical melting furnace, sintered 10-25 minutes under the condition of hydrogen atmosphere and 70-92% current intensity of melting current, and then cooled with the furnace to obtain the non-compact tungsten bar containing potassium.

G.Indirect sintering: The tungsten bars obtained in F process are placed in an intermediate frequency furnace or a tungsten bar furnace, sintered for 2-6 hours in hydrogen atmosphere and at temperatures of 2000-2300 ℃, and then the potassium-containing tungsten bars are obtained after the furnace is cooled.

The sectional grain size of potassium-containing tungsten bars obtained by secondary sintering process is fine and uniform, the number of grain is more than 8000/mm2, the density is over 18.0g/cm3, and the density difference of the same batch is less than 0.15g/cm3. The sintering time of vertical melting is only about 50% of the traditional technology, and the second sintering process can sinter 500-600 kg at a time, which can not only improve productivity but also produce the same batch. The consistency of the products has also been greatly improved, which effectively reduces the breakage of the billet and the reject rate.